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HERE ARE SOME BOOKS THAT WILL HELP YOU UNDERSTAND THE PRELITERATE MIND
Click here to download and read a free PDF copy of ALICE HICKEY.
It extends the ideas of Robert Graves, Carl Jung, Carlos Castaneda, Julian Jaynes and Alice Hickey herself.
For anyone seeking to understand the nature of the preliterate oral poetry that gave birth to all of the world's great myths (and that now feed much of our alternative thinking) SOULSPEAK: The Outward Journey of the Soul is a must read.
No ancient legend or myth can be correctly understood without understanding how and why these great story poems were created. To download and read a free PDF copy of this book, CLICK HERE:
CLICK HERE for a free video version of The Witnesses Log
MORE THINKING THAT IS CRITICAL:
Jung was a scientific psychologist who championed the importance of the unconscious mind in living a complete life. Jung saw the terms unconscious mind, psyche, and soul as essentially interchangeable.
In the course of his monumental investigations, he shed new light on ancient ways of thinking, but most importantly on the psychic world, a major component of preliterate culture, consciousness and art.
Click here to get a free PDF of Carl Jung's Memories,Dreams and Reflections
The groundbreaking work of Julian Jaynes revealed the true nature of the consciousness of preliterate man.
The following is a brief outline of Jaynes' thought and influence from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia:
Julian Jaynes (February 27, 1920 – November 21, 1997) was an American psychologist, best known for his book The Origin of Consciousness in the Breakdown of the Bicameral Mind (1976), in which he argued that ancient peoples acted by means of automatic, non-conscious habit. When habit did not suffice and stress rose at the moment of a decision, behavior was directed by auditory verbal hallucinations, which were heard as the voice of a chieftain or god and immediately obeyed.
Jaynes's theory has been influential to philosophers, psychologists, and psychiatrists and has been cited in hundreds of scientific and popular books. It was a nominee for the National Book Award in 1978. In the late 1990s, Jaynes's ideas received renewed attention as brain imaging technology confirmed many of his early predictions.
Unfortunately, neither Jaynes nor Jung ever extended their studies into the Mother Goddess period that dominated all preliterate cultures until the advent of writing and the subsequent rise of the Male Gods.
Only poet Robert Graves made that breakthrough in his White Goddess (1948-1961 in various editions.
CLICK HERE to get a free PDF of Tthe White Goddess.
In this groundbreaking book he identified the Mother Goddess (The White Goddess) as the dominant God in preliterate cultures, equating her with the Muse.
Although Graves interest was primarily in identifying the White Goddess as the Mother of Poetry, or the Muse, it opened doors that had been long closed. Although archeologists initially rejected his identification of preliterate cultures with the Mother Goddess, the later archeological findings of Marija Gimbutas vindicated his insights.
My own ALICE HICKEY covers related ground and takes up where Graves left off.
It is a must read for anyone interested in the psychic/artistic nature of the very early Mother Goddess cultures.
To download and read a free PDF copy of ALICE HICKEY, CLICK HERE.
Click here for a more complete Wikipedia article on Marija Gimbutas.
"The Chalice and the Blade: the most important book since the Origin of the Species."
The premise of The Chalice and the Blade is that a transition from a partnership society (Mother Goddess Cultures) to a male dominated society (Male Gods) took place approximately 6,0000 years ago.
According to Eisler the forces that overthrew the Mother Goddess cultures worshipped not life and creativity, but death and destruction; in short, the Blade.
His YOUTUBE channel is well worth viewing if you want an introduction to the true nature of preliterate myths and their continuing effect upon us. Joseph Campbell's Youtube Page.
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To the left are two depictions of preliterate humans. I have chosen the figure on the left to represent humans at the beginning of the preliterate period (150,000 thru 50,000BC) and the figure underneath it to represent them immediately before the advent of literacy (4000 BC).
Both of these preliterate humans were just as bright as we are. But there were a few critical differences.
Early humans had a much different consciousness. They did not have the reflective mind space that we have that allows us to imagine future paths.
In its place, they heard guiding psychic voices they took to be the Gods. In addition, they had easy access to their unconscious minds and the psychic realm.
They were not so much concerned with logically examining the world but intuitively imitating it through art. Oral story poetry, cave paintings, and sculpture were the primary forms.
We have only transcribed remnants of the great flood of oral poetry that once filled those cultures.
Some of the sculptures and paintings have survived intact. A few are shown below and are critical to understanding preliterate cultures.
The large number of female figures are from the very early (60,000 thru 4,000 BC) Mother Goddess period that preceded the rise of the male Gods.
But first let us consider this 17,000 year old drawing at Lascaux.
Here's an equally old drawing from another cave:
The art of preliterate man is hard to categorize. It ranges from the extremely simplistic to the sublime, as in these cave drawings.
My own take on the incredible art produced by the people who painted the walls of Lascaux and the other caves is two fold.
One: not all preliterate peoples advanced uniformly. Some seem to have developed highly sophisticated cultures while others didn't.
Two: preliterate man was a naturally artistic creature who experienced sudden bursts in creative insight because he always worked from the unconscious, which is unpredictable in its projected visions.
HERE ARE SOME DAZZLING EXAMPLES OF PRELITERATE ART THAT HAVE SURVIVED THE RAVAGES OF OVER 30,000 YEARS OF TIME.
THREE EXAMPLES OF MY THINKING ON THE PRELITERATE MIND
1. NOAH'S ARK
2. UFOs / ALIENS
THESE SUBJECTS ALL REQUIRE AN ACCURATE KNOWLEDGE OF PRELITERATE MYTHS AND CULTURES IN ORDER TO CORRECTLY UNDERSTAND THEM.
MY COMPLETE BLOGS ON EACH OF THEM FOLLOW. THEIR TITLES ARE:
1. NOAH'S ARK, FACT OR FICTION
In many senses, the Biblical story of Noah is a new Genesis.
OK, here's the detail on my contention:
Among the questions we have to answer are these: Did Noah exist, did the ark exist as described , and did the Flood take place as depicted?
If we want to understand the sources of the Biblical Noah, and how accurate that story is, we have to first understand that a number of flood/ark stories existed in other cultures. The scholarship is pretty tight on this.
There is also some dating that has been done by scholars which shows some of these flood stories predate the Hebraic flood story of Noah.
This can be misleading, however, because what scholars are really talking about are the creation dates of the written versions of these stories. In other words what they are saying is that the written creation date of one preceded the written creation date of the other, but this has nothing to do with how old each of these oral myths actually was.
This is because we also know that these stories existed as oral story poems for hundreds if not thousands of years before they were eventually transcribed into alphabetic writing somewhere around 1200 B.C., which is the approximate point in time that humans discovered alphabetic writing, although some like the Sumerians and Egyptians had a hieroglyphic written language as early as 3200 B.C.
At any rate, the oral story poem about Noah was most probably transcribed into early archaic Hebraic writing around 1200 BC, where it existed in "manuscript" form for about 400 years until it was entered into the Hebraic Bible around 700 B.C., which is the time when the Book of Moses was formalized out of hundreds of transcribed oral poems. How long it existed in oral form is anyone's guess.
So we now have the story, but what few scholars (and alternative thinkers) don't see to understand is the extent to which a preliterate oral story poem can be trusted.
The answer is this: they can be highly accurate on a few matters and highly untrustworthy on most others.
First of all there is the problem of the story changing over great periods of time. 350 years is the time gap between the Trojan war and the birth of Homer, the great oral poet who created the epic poem ( Illiad) about that war.
The Noah time gap between the flood and the first Hebraic written version of it is even larger. Some Biblical scholars give the date of the Flood as 2300 B.C., which is about the time when the pyramids were being built in Egypt.
This date is disputed by scientists, who place the Flood at several earlier dates. Nevertheless, even using the unscientific date of 2300 B.C. , this is a huge amount of time (2300 B.C. minus 1200 B.C. = 1100 years) for any culture to maintain a detailed, accurate oral story. It is not impossible, but as 350 years (the Illiad transcription) is the one proven time span we know, we have to be cautious.
This leads me to believe that most probably the written Noah story we see in the Bible was adopted orally by preliterate Pre-Hebraic tribes from the oral flood story of another semitic culture. The Pre-Hebraic tribes then expanded it over many generations until it relected the spiritual concerns of their culture.
I want to take you in a different direction now. Without going into the detailed thinking backing up my statements on how much oral poems can be trusted (which can be seen in my books listed at the end of this section) the answer is as follows for the Biblical Noah:
1) Here's the main rule that is never violated: all oral story poems are based on real physical or psychic events.
They were never imaginary fables, which are modern, literate inventions.
An actual massive flood event did take place somewhere in the middle eastern preliterate world. That can be taken as a fact.
Exactly, when and where is problematic, but there are several well-documented scientific theories about the occurrence of great floods in the eastern Mediterranean and I believe more will appear in time as we uncover instances of meteor collisions in the seas in the middle East.
2) A man named Noah (or a name with a similar linguistic root) did exist and he did fashion some kind of craft to save his family, his belongings and some animals.
Here is some scholarship on the meaning of Noah.
(The name Noah () comes from the verb (nuah 1323) meaning rest, settle down. HAW Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament reports that this root 'signifies not only absence of movement but being settled in a particular place  with overtones of finality.)
Here an interesting situation arises. If we assume that the Hebrew root "nuah" preceded the date of the flood
a) the man Noah was given this name at his birth in prophetic recognition of the fact he would bring the human race to a "place of final rest".
b) the man who built the craft accepted (or adopted) the name in honor of the fact that he had brought humanity to a "place of final rest".
In either case, the name Noah would have been rigidly honored after the Flood.
The names of heroes are one of the few things in oral story poems that are always correct, because in oral cultures, honoring a hero meant repeating his name in song correctly and endlessly. Honor, which to us is expendable, was the highest virtue in an oral culture. It would be unthinkable to change the hero's name.
4. The general theme of an oral story poem always reflects the world-vision of that culture.
Like the hero's name, it never changes, nor is it arbitrary because it emerges from the collective unconscious of that culture via the creative act of poetry.
The general theme of the Noah story is not unique. It occurs over and over in many preliterate cultures. In its simplest form it is this: The gods will destroy disobedient humans.
But the Noah story is a variation on that general theme. Tese variations also occur in many other cultures.
The variation in the case of the Pre-Hebraic tribes is one of divine punishment by Water, which is of immense psychic importance because death by drowning, in the case of the these preliterate Pre-Hebraic tribes, implies a return to the "darkness of the waters" and thus sets the stage for a new Creation.
It is water's implied ability to create life as well as destroy it that gives the Noah story much of its unconscious power.
Let me put it this way: fire or comets or raging monsters would not have done the trick.
Such powerful story poems emerge when powerful events occur at a point in time when the collective unconscious of a culture has been searching for a way to express a yet to be born cultural truth.
It is an automatic, unconscious cultural response, which is the nature of these great preliterate story poems. This is why the name Noah and the central theme of the Flood are not arbitrary. It is out of the question because both are dictated by the power of the cultural, collective unconscious, which again, is always rooted in an actual psychic or physical event.
4) Here is something else that is never arbitrary : the nature or character of the hero.
Achilles is always courageous, Odysseus is always wily. It is no accident that Noah is depicted as obedient, a drunk , and not a deep thinker, i.e., he is a man driven by his instincts, his unconscious mind. In other words. he is driven by the unknowable forces within him.
In this, Noah is a stand-in for God, the ultimate "unknowable" power, in the re-seeding of the earth. There is also an echo of Homer's mysterious, brooding, psychically-rooted "wine-dark sea" in the drunken Noah.
5) Everything else in the story is subject to change. Everything.
Oral story poems were never consciously fashioned, as our TV dramas are. They emerged from the unconscious of individual poets in hundreds of songs that ebbed and flowed over hundreds of years. Like dreams they needed no prompting from the conscious mind, because they reflected unconscious cultural truths that needed to be sung of over and over.
So here's the run down on the Biblical Flood:
1) A flood event existed and triggered the initial story poem that was adopted (or perhaps created) by the Pre-Hebraic tribes .
2) Noah existed. His psychological nature and name as well as the theme of the Flood were orally preserved over hundreds if not thousands of years until they were transcribed into writing.
3.) The theme of Noah's Flood was a cultural vision of destruction and redemption that remained intact over hundreds of years until it was transcribed into writing.
4) Here's the kicker: everything else was subject to change, usually through exaggeration. Colors, dimensions, times, minor characters, costume, habits, etc.
Tall tales were not invented by Paul Bunyan. Thus the dimensions of the craft, the number and type of animals, the family members, the duration of the flood, where it finally grounded, etc., were all subject to exaggeration and change.
It happened organically out of the poet's unconscious. and the collective unconscious of the culture. It's the nature of oral story poems to grow in this manner over hundreds of years.
Don't forget, there are no written records, none. A change that took place in a retelling may not even have been noticed. Or if it was, it was easily accepted because the culture was ready to hear it.
For instance, the 40 day period of the flood before it receded most probably does not reflect any actual duration. If it was a flash flood it may have lasted for a few days or if by glacial melting, a very long time.
Forty days is a highly spiritual number: it signifies the time period most preliterate cultures held as the time between death and the body's decomposition, which was always seen as the time when the soul departed from the physical world into the Other World. Most probably the 40 days fit a cultural/spiritual need, in that it signified the time between death (The Flood) and the entry of the Pre-Hebraic tribes into a new world.
One last note. As I mentioned earlier, we don't know whether the Pre-Hebraic tribes adopted the Flood story from earlier cultures so as to flesh out their own "punishment /redemption" story poems, or if it originated out of their own flood experience is anyone's guess. Here's why:
We have to remember that the preliterate Pre-Hebraic tribes were polytheistic wanderers, most probably herders and perhaps craftsmen. Here is some scholarship that indicates that:
The term Hebrew means "to cross over a boundary". (ISBE, revised, Hebrew) Included in this thought is that a "Hebrew" would be one "who crossed over" or one who went from place to place, a nomad, a wanderer, an alien.
It is only after the time of Moses (1500 B.C.) that they became Jaweh's chosen people, the mono-theistic Hebrews and had an early heiroglphic written langusge.
Thus, while the final transcribed written versions of the various Flood stories have originating dates as to their written publication, the question as to when the stories originated orally, and where, is essentially unanswerable. Even members of those ancient cultures would have no idea.
An oral world has few artistic boundaries, because oral story poems existed on the wind as poets and listeners came and went across vast areas.
It could be that one of the great oral flood stories originated with the Hebrews, or it could be they adopted one that described their cultural vision of destruction and redemption.
That adoption, however, would soon be forgotten. It would become theirs, because it expressed an unconscious cultural truth that needed expressing.
The written transcriptions of those great oral poems are sometimes all we have of those ancient times, because outside of the art work and stone structures that have survived, there are no permanent records of what those preliterate cultures were like.
We must never forget that in oral cultures, there is only the foggy past (many moons), the immediate present, and the great oral story poems that came and went on the wind.
Some of those great story poems, because of their spiritual and cultural truths, were retold over hundreds and perhaps even thousands of years until they were thrown upon the shores of literacy and transcribed into writing.
We must always remember, however, that they were subject to the kind of changes I have been indicating.
Let the buyer beware.
So anyone who is looking for a 500 foot, 3-story boat capable of carrying every animal known to man should think twice before setting out on an expedition.
This is why it pays to understand that the so called "document" you're relying on for facts is not a physical description like you'd find in Popular Science, but a (hopefully) somewhat accurately transcribed (and translated) Hebrew metaphor for the Divine destruction and re-creation/ redemption of the Hebrews.
In short, it is a work of art. It is as much about the interior world than the exterior world of the Hebrews.
An interesting note: this is a replica of the biblical Ark, built by Dutchman Johan Huibers as a testament to his faith in the literal truth of the Bible. Johan got the idea to build the ark after having a dream about the Netherlands being flooded. He plans to set sail and travel to other parts of the country and eventually to major cities in Belgium and Germany.
Don't confuse this remarkable feat, however, with the preliterate myth of Noah.
They are two different things, created by different eruptions of the imagination.
No one will be reading or thinking about Johan 3000 years from now, in the same way as we have been reading and thinking about Noah for the past 3000 years.
Think about it
I welcome your comments on anything in this blog or in my videos .
HERE ARE TWO OF MY BOOKS THAT WILL HELP YOU UNDERSTAND THE NATURE OF ORAL MYTHS LIKE NOAH'S ARK.
ALICE HICKEY: Between Worlds is a must read for anyone interested in the psychic world and the very early Mother Goddess cultures.
CLICK HERE to download and read a free copy of Alice Hickey
No ancient legend or myth can be correctly understood without understanding how and why these great story poems were created.
To download and read a free copy of this book, CLICK HERE
The first thing you have to understand in determining if Atlantis is fact or fiction is this—Plato was not only a great philosopher, he was also a great storyteller.
Storytellers do more than recite facts: they are intent on creating small worlds that will entertain us, instruct us, mystify us, even deceive us in order to get at the root of a complex truth.
Alice Hickey, has a great deal to say about this storytelling aspect of Plato, whose Socratic Dialogues were stories designed not so much to reveal the character of Socrates—but the nature of truth, something much more illusive than the gadfly character of the real Socrates.
Although many consider Plato’s Republic to be a philosophical treatise on how to best organize a polis, some others—including myself—believe it to be a satire about the idiocy of trying to make the real world conform to philosophical theories.
Plato was much too intelligent to have actually believed someone (the so-called Philosopher King) could actually determine which roles people should play in a society and then actually take those selected people and construct a perfect society from the ground up.
Of course, Plato could have been an artistic fool who had no idea how the real world operated, but all we know about him argues against that.What makes the satire even more complete is that Plato was actually given a chance to do that by one of the Greek kings and failed miserably. Perhaps he had a bit of street theater in him as well.
Plato’s artistic bent made him radically different from his pupil Aristotle, who could be said to represent our current logical, observational approach to knowledge. Plato was much more complex.
This is not to say that Plato didn’t observe nature, and wasn’t logical, but he was also skilled in using storytelling to arrive at a truth in a much different way.
We also have to keep in mind that Plato was never concerned with historical oddities (like Atlantis) for their own sake. We see none of that type of curiosity in his other writings.
He was, however, intensely concerned with the the nature of reality, and on the political side, the declining moral fiber of Athens.
I don’t know of any scholar who would dispute that Plato’s Atlantis story (of a once powerful country destroyed by the Gods because of corruption) wasn’t aimed directly at the declining character of the Athenians.
So we know what Plato was up to. He was constructing a story to illustrate a point: Athens couldn’t continue behaving in such an immoral way.
The only question that remains to be answered is this: is the story he wrote one of fact, or did Plato make it up out of the bits and pieces of catastrophe stories that had been undoubtedly passed down orally from preliterate times.
(The destruction and flooding of Mycenaean Crete by the monstrous c.1600 B.C. Santorini explosion would be a good example of such an oral tale).
My take is that it was the latter. After all, as Alice Hickey points out, that is exactly what any good storyteller would do. I highly suggest you read Alice Hickey on this storytelling aspect of Plato. It will open your eyes and perhaps help you look at his story of Atlantis in a much more complex way.
It is clear from the various modern books on Atlantis that continue to come on the market 2300 years after Plato’s death that—unless mainstream science has completely missed the boat—Atlantis is not going to be found in the size and location indicated by the translations that have come down to us.
Sorry, but science is very good on matters like this. There is no evidence at all that a great landmass (equal in size to the United States) was once located in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean.
Andrew Collins has great deal to say about this in his book Gateway to Atlantis.
His research and arguments are convincing enough to make me believe that source of the catastrophe recounted by Plato is in actuality a very distant (9500 B.C.) meteoric event in the Caribbean with worldwide impact.
It is the oral memory of that immense catastrophe that was heard by early trans-Atlantic sailors who then brought it back to the Mediterranean, where it began to grow its own tale so to speak— because there is absolutely no evidence that an advanced civilization like Atlantis existed in the Caribbean around 9500 B C., at best only Stone Age tribal cultures with a natural interest in the stars.
Exactly when that catastrophe story first landed in the Mediterranean is hard to say, but we know from the recent testing of the mummies of Pharaohs for traces of cocaine that cocaine trading between the Americas and Egypt was occurring at least by 2500 B.C.—so 2500 B.C. is a good date to start with when these oral tales of destruction could have started to make their way back to Egypt and eventually thousands of years later to Plato in Greece.
That cocaine trade may have been going on prior to that, but we have no mummies to test. That leaves 7000 years between the actual meteoric Caribbean event and its being recorded in hieroglyphics by the Egyptians sometime around 2500 B.C. in the supposed detail Plato gives us.
That is an excruciatingly long time for an oral catastrophe story to be passed on unchanged by members of various Caribbean oral cultures to various merchant sailing cultures (Myceanean, Egyptian, Phoenician) before it finally achieves written form in Egypt around 2500 B.C.—by which time hieroglyphics were well established in Dynastic Egypt. (The Phoenician alphabet didn’t come into being until around 1000B.C.)
I suggest you read Part V of my book SOULSPEAK: The Outward Journey of the Soul on the nature and accuracy of oral transmission in preliterate cultures to see the ways in which stories were distorted and enlarged before you assume they could be passed down over a 7000 year period.
It just doesn’t happen. The Caribbean catastrophe story undoubtedly grew its own tale long before Plato got hold of it and added his own little literary fillips.
Believe me, it never stops. So here is the situation: a highly modified 7000 year old oral tale lands in the Mediterranean where it began growing more tales and then, 2200 years later it winds up in the hands of Plato, the storyteller (300 B.C.).
As there are no existing Egyptian records of Atlantis and no other accounts of Atlantis that we know of by any other person in any other culture, the jury is out as to whether all the feathers on the bare bird called Atlantis came from Plato's supposed Egyptian source, or if most of the feathers came from remnants of oral catastrophe/flood stories that drifted around the Mediterranean as sailor's lore, with the remaining bright plumes being products of Plato's imagination.
My best guess is the latter case. I believe the Egyptian “connection” was to a large degree made up, not only for the insightful artistic reasons that Alice Hickey gives but also because keeping records of faraway oddities was not an Egyptian (2500 B.C.) concern.
After all, why would the Egyptians, who were a highly spiritual, soul-obsessed culture, have bothered to collect and maintain such a detailed story?
They weren’t really interested in anything outside of the spiritual realm called Egypt.
It is far more likely that such a detailed description of Atlantis would have been maintained in some form by those Mediterranean cultures (Egyptian,Mycenaean, Phoenecian) who were engaged in transatlantic/Mediterranean trading and whose sailors were, by nature, curious about everything.
(The exception to this curiosity may have been be the Phoenicians, who, it seems, had no interest in other cultures, only trading. They would leave their goods on the shore and then come back in several days to pick up what was offered in return.)
But this may not have been the case in the Caribbean, where it is clear that the trading was long term and highly sophisticated (cocaine and cotton being the desired raw materials). Relationships with the Mexican/Peruvian sources were surely developed to insure delivery and quality.
As sailors are by nature tale spinners, all Plato would have had to do was to go down to the docks of Piraeus and keep his ears open. So there was surely a rich source of raw catastrophe material.
A second, related question that begs to be answered is this: if Plato's Atlantis was created out of bits and pieces of existing catastrophe stories, is it geologically possible that such an island (as described by Plato) could have ever existed anywhere or is its basic geological description merely one of the bright plumes added by Plato.
Outside of the size and impossible mid-Atlantic location—which Andrew Collins shows may have been due to a translation error that may have gone unnoticed for centuries, Plato's Atlantis has many geological oddities.
One of the surface geological features that makes us suspect Plato made up the basic geological description of Atlantis is his report that there were very large preexisting circular canals embedded in natural rock formations prior to the founding of Atlantis. Plato says these were the work of the Gods.
Digging canals is one thing, finding preexisting canals is another. For the resolution of this conundrum and several others (such as the extraordinary canal depths and widths) I suggest you read the amazing research of Ulf Richter.
Richter took Plato’s description apart piece by piece, compared it to known rock and island formations, as well as what we know about existing ancient docks/canals, and comes up with the conclusion that Plato’s description makes sense if we also conclude that Plato got the unit of measurement wrong.
It is the best piece of research I have ever seen. I suggest you study it.
It may be that Plato was aware of such ringed rock formations as those in North African Mauretania that Richter cites. Perhaps Plato used those stories to construct his preexisting Atlantis canal rings.
Plato implies that this gift from the Gods of three very large stone canals encouraged the residents to rather easily dig (out of dirt) a secondary canal scheme that would lead to the ocean and other locations in Atlantis.
There is nothing that can turn a suspicious reader completely around as to the accuracy and truth of a "tall tale" than a generous and expert sprinkling of known, accepted lore throughout the tale, and I believe this stone canal gambit is an excellent example of Plato's skill with such devices.
Although you may be thinking that Richter was able to identify a geologic site somewhere in the world similar to his final description of Atlantis, he wasn’t able to suggest any known place, sunken or otherwise, that fits.
So all we can again conclude is that Plato was indeed extremely skilled in stitching his geological description of Atlantis together from many sources.
Evidence of this can be seen in Richter's conclusion that Plato's geological description of Atlantis echoes that of other island/seaside/harbor/canal descriptions of preliterate seaports.
So that leaves us with one final question: is it possible that Plato's catastrophic tale (no matter how stitched up it became with bits and pieces of catastrophe lore) is actually based on a huge meteoric catastrophe that occurred in 9500 B.C. and that some of the stitched-in bits describing the destruction of an actual island empire are bits of that catastrophic lore?
The answer is unequivocally NO.
Oh, a huge catastrophe undoubtedly did occur in the Caribbean in 9500 B.C., that's not being questioned. Andrew Collins is pretty good on this.
What is being questioned is this: for such a detailed memory of a meteoric event in 9500 B.C. to have accurately maintained itself orally from 9500 B.C. until the first Mediterranean sailors hit the Caribbean in 2500 B.C. goes against everything we know about the accuracy of oral transmission in preliterate cultures.
The inaccuracy inherent in oral transmission over great lengths of time (especially of historical dates) illustrates the Achilles heel of all Atlantis theories, namely the huge length of time between the event and Plato.
The date Plato gives of the destruction of Atlantis is approximately 9500 B.C.
That date is so distant from the time in which the earliest writing emerged (3200 B.C./hieroglyphics), that just entertaining the thought that historical information about the catastrophe could have been accurately maintained for 7000 years boggles the mind of anyone with any knowledge of how preliterate cultures actually maintain and preserve knowledge.
I have no doubt that oral tales would have abounded throughout the Caribbean from 9500 B.C. on, but those tales would have been so mangled by their transmission over that length of time that God knows what would have come through intact except some very basic facts and names (Atlaxxx, fire, destruction, sinking, flood).
Everything else is up for grabs. I say that as someone very familiar with preliterate oral transmission and traditions.
But that is still not the primary problem, which is this: how did any of these preliterate cultures record and keep track of the date of destruction so that they could hand it to the seafaring traders 7000 years later?
Sorry, in preliterate cultures, their sense of time didn't work the way ours does. Preliterate people had a very simple way of describing the distant past. It's called "long, long ago."
Any hard date, like 9500 B C., is a very big stinky herring. Collins has no real answer for this, because there is none.
As fantastic as it seems, all we can really say is that Plato somehow made the date up and that it happens to coincide with the date of the Caribbean meteoric catastrophe.
There is no other answer when it comes to the date except to suppose that somehow a literate shadow civilization existed over that 7000 year period and that it maintained the date of the catastrophe (and details) until it was finally recorded by one of our known the literate civilizations.
I don't think so. And neither do any of the theorists who have put forth this phantom civilization. They all assume it was a preliterate civilization.
As for the rest of the bits and pieces of Plato's story, suffice it to say that Plato made up some of it them (like any good story teller) and the rest were delivered to him by some equally good maritime storytellers.
And we should never forget this fact: Plato made two lunges at the Atlantis myth (Timaeus and Critias) and then broke off in the last elaboration and went on to something else.
Anyone who is a novelist or short story writer understands what happened to Plato. He must have simply felt that the elaborate tale, despite his best efforts, wasn't going to be that convincing, especially with the cynical Athenians.
In other words, it wasn't worth finishing. He sent it to the circular file where it was, fortunately or unfortunately, retrieved by his students after his death and given a new life.
UFOS and ALIEN VISITATIONS / ABDUCTIONS
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3. UFOs AND ALIEN VISTATIONS/ABDUCTIONS
THE ONE CRITICAL QUESTION
What we didn't get in many cases were transcriptions of those oral story poems that were of less significance, poems that would give us a better, fuller sense of the culture in question.
It is also important to understand that these story poems are works of art, not fact, and that they speak in the language of poetry, which is the language of metaphor.
Thus, for example, when the act of creation in these oral story poems is described, it is always metaphorically (not factually) because creation itself is a mystery (e.g., something out of nothing) and can only be described indirectly through the use of metaphor.
Thus: Man was created of mud and light is a metaphoric expression that attempts to impart a sense of the unique physical and spiritual/intellectual qualities of human beings.
It doesn't mean that when you physically examine a human being down to their smallest elements you will find mud and light. Unfortunately, this is what is happening when Alien theorists examine these early transcriptions. I hope you can see why this can lead to wrong interpretations of these texts.
These early story poems existed in all cultures, from the largest like Sumeria and Egypt, as well as the smallest hunter/gatherer tribes in remote parts of the world. Some of them were transcribed. Most of them were not, however, and have been lost forever.That is the situation we find ourselves in today.
If this is so, then the hundreds, if not thousands of hunter/gatherer tribes around the world who created such Creation oral story poems must have been individually visited by Aliens. It is possible that happened, but not probable, and it is the most probable explanation that we are looking for, as anything is possible.
I'm not talking here about oral story poems about Creation that were passed down within a culture as it dispersed over the globe, such as in the Polynesian culture, but original oral story poems about Creation of which there were hundreds , if not thousands.
We have to remember that it is the inherent nature of humans to create stories about everything, but most especially their nature and origins, because the desire and ability to create stories is what separates humans from all other animal species.
Everything else follows from that desire and ability to create stories: the invention of fire, tools, self-awareness, awareness of God, etc.. This may be a new thought to you, but it is ancient and still holds. Much of my novel, ALICE HICKEY: Between Worlds, is about this. I suggest you read Chapter 49 if you want more detail on this. Click here for a free PDF.
They are as real as Jaweh was to Moses on the Mountain. What I mean by that is that Moses' psychic visitation changed the course of the history as much as any of the physical events of that historic period c. 1500 B.C..
What puzzles me is how ignorant most Alien theorists are about psychic events and, even more important, how real those psychic events can be. I include in this, by the way, those who have reported being visited and/or abducted by Aliens. That is somewhat understandable, however, given the pervasive scientific worldview we are caught up in.
Yet for someone like myself who is familiar with psychic events and their characteristics, as well as how real they can be, it is startling how those who have experienced Alien visitations/ abductions are so oblivious to the clues embedded in that reality that they never seem to consider that the visitation/abduction, as real as it seems, might not be the same kind of “real” as the clothes they are wearing.
1) The appearance of the Aliens (large eyes, no mouth, telepathic speech and understanding).
They can be seen in preliterate cultures around the world. See the preliterate figures above and the preliterate Egyptian Mother Goddess figure who has large (knowing) eyes also on her breasts (below, L).
| Mother Goddess|
w large eyes
Preliterate humans, in the few places they survive today, see the world in the same way that I have just delineated: that the voice and visions they have are real, but they are from the Other World, the non-physical world, and that they are the voices of ancestors (or the Gods that created those ancestors).
|Large Eyes mean Gods|
It doesn't help that Alien theorists can go on and on like this forever, substituting "Alien" for ancestor or divinity whenever those terms, or depictions of those terms, occur in ancient, preliterate pictographs, petroglyphs, statues and oral story poems, all of which they take as factual records rather than the metaphoric, artistic statements they really are.
This failing indicates to me that Alien theorists don't have the slightest idea of the "vision" nature of preliterate art, i.e., it was an art created as the result of a psychic/spiritual vision rather than an art that sought to realistically portray a factual event, which is what most of our art is today.
This only reinforces my belief that Alien theorists are completely ignorant of the nature of preliterate cultures and the preliterate mind that gave rise to these artifacts. Part of the problem, as I've just said, is that these verbal and visual visitations recorded in various oral story poems and works of art have been taken by Alien theorists as representations of factual visitations by superior physical beings, but that is not how preliterate man saw them ( and recorded them).
This is perhaps the key clue. There are numerous situations where those who have been abducted have been led to a “book of knowledge” that explains everything only to find it unreadable. This is a common occurrence in psychic visitations and has been since the beginning of time.
5) Another clue lies in what has been called the "telepathic ability" of the Aliens, i.e., upon recollection, those visited often recall that the Aliens had no mouths, and yet they could hear the Aliens speaking to them.
This non-verbal communication, however, is not new. It is a standard component of psychic visions and goes back to the earliest recorded visitations of divinities and ancestors. In some of these these visitations, there are reports that the Gods spoke "mind to mind".
In addition, what is heard is very compelling, i.e., what is relayed to those being visited has a sense of being undeniably true. This was instinctively taken by preliterate humans as meaning the message was spoken by a superior being, i.e., a divinity or ancestor. Again Julian Jaynes should be read on this. Click here for a free PDF of his groundbreaking book.
6) Another clue lies in the fact that what is being said by the "Aliens" is metaphoric in nature. This occurs in all psychic visitations back to the beginning of time.
We can see it in the ancient stories of what the Gods said. While there is never any confusion as to what the Gods have said, i.e., they spoke distinctly, there was often a great deal of uncertainty as to what the Gods meant, i.e., what the Gods said may have had several meanings.
Let me give you some examples. When a disaster visited the early Hebrews, they used the written Torah to aid them in debating and logically deciding where they had failed to observe the commandments in the Torah, so they wouldn't be punished by God again.
This uncertainty about the meaning of a psychic message is one of the marks of psychic visitations (which the Torah is, being given to Moses by God). This is because a psychic communication is generally metaphoric.
That is their nature, and that is why, in most early cultures, seers and shamans were employed to ferret out the true meaning of dreams and visions, all of which are metaphoric communications from the unconscious. If you need an example of this, think of Joseph's dream interpretation abilities in the Bible and the Pharaoh who depended on him.
Let me give you another example of metaphoric speech. The person being visited by a psychic presence might ask: "Why is my mind so confused as to why you have come?" The psychic presence might answer: "No one knows," or " You are confused because your mind is limited" which are direct but not very helpful answers. More likely however, would be a metaphoric answer like this: "You are confused because your mind is on fire."
It could mean many things: your mind is diseased, your understanding is clouded by fever, you are thinking too much, etc.. This failure to recognize these ancient preliterate divine/unconscious communications as metaphoric is perhaps the most serious failing of our Alien theorists, as they take it as factual. Wrong. Wrong.
7) Let me add another clue: the idiomatic aspect of the "telepathic communication" experienced in an Alien abduction / psychic visitation.
As I mentioned earlier, psychic presences always speak seamlessly in the local idiomatic language of the person being visited. There is never any confusion as to what they were saying, although as I've mentioned there could be considerable confusion as to what it meant. The Hebrew God always speaks the Hebrew of that time, the God of Joan of Arc always speaks 15th century French.
After all, the Aliens, who are supposedly physical beings, supposedly came here in a physical, technically advanced craft according to those who have been taken on board.
Yet from all reports this isn't the case as there is every indication that a familiar, flexible, idiomatic language is used by the Aliens. There is nothing mechanical or formal or awkward about the Aliens' speech. That is because the Aliens are psychic presences issuing from the unconscious and therefore using the hearers' own internal idiomatic language facilities.
So much for the clues that indicate that the visitation was psychic, and not a physical visitation by an Alien. As an aside, I remember one Alien theorist telling me that the effect of an Alien communication on humans is exactly the same as a psychic visitation, and that this was also true for all ancient physical visitations by Aliens.
What Alien theorists are saying, in effect, is that psychic visitations are indistinguishable from physical visitations which we know is patently untrue. It is also an absurd argument: either the Alien visitation is physical or it's not. You can't have it both ways.
Yet everything in the Old Testament and the course of history afterwards undeniably tells us that this event was concerned with spiritual, not genetic or physical, matters, and that the spirituality imparted was directly concerned with the moral/ spiritual conduct of the Hebrews from that point in time on.
What Moses and his successors did afterwards was not build a better widget or become more savvy because of some physical/ genetic information imparted by some Alien, but have one of those mysterious leaps in understanding that goes on all the time with human beings. What Moses and his successors did as a result of their leap was create a written theology ( the Torah) that would (hopefully) spiritually guide them so they would always be in spiritual alignment with the laws given them by Yahweh on the mountain top.
And please, please don't tell me that Yahweh's hundreds of moral and spiritual admonitions as expressed in the Torah are exactly the same moral and spiritual admonitions that our Alien visitors from 1000 light years away have always possessed. In other words the Aliens didn't eat pork either. Please. Please.
Alien theorists can dance up and down like medieval angels on the head of a pin, claiming Yahweh was a physical visitation by an Alien, but our deepest instincts tell us that this was a psychic/ spiritual visitation that changed the course of history.
These deep eruptions of the collective unconscious are always shrouded in mystery as to why they took the form they did, and why they occurred when they did, and why they had such an impact on the course of human events, but that is their nature.
If Alien theorists are going to insist that the tens of thousands of humanity's leaps in understanding over the course of human history are the result of physical visits by physical Aliens, then I suggest they read what Einstein, or Beethoven or Shakespeare or Newton had to say about the nature of their experience when their great insights came to them.
One thing I really dislike about Alien theorists is they have absolutely no respect for the stunning range of human intelligence and creativity.
You can be a couch potato and claim it is Aliens doing all this and continue eating chips in a kind of blissful ignorance, or or you can be man up and accept that what guides the human race at its deepest level is an unfathomable mystery.
I don't think so. We are looking for a most reasonable approach here, and by that I mean, we have to look for a proof that is based not on what is possible (because almost anything is possible) but what is probable.
Preliterate humans knew the difference between a physical and psychic visitation. They weren't stupid, in fact they were more tuned into the difference than contemporary man is. What's more, this is exactly what contemporary preliterate people would say about such things.
Thus, while the ancient humans who made these carvings can't speak to us, there is plenty of supporting proof from contemporary preliterate cultures of my position as well as from the other things left us by these ancient cultures (spiritual practices, art).
If any Alien theorist can supply me with any kind of proof of their position beyond mere speculation, you know my email.
I think if those who believe in Aliens were aware of how preliterate peoples lived and thought, and how different their minds were, they would walk away from their belief in Aliens being physical beings from outer space. I suggest you read the free PDF of my RIVER MOTHER: the Face of the Sphinx to get a good taste of this.
TO ALIEN ABDUCTIONS
Again, I'm not disputing that the abductees are being visited, just that the visitations were psychic not physical, just as the representations of these craft are not physical but psychic representations.
I could name more clues as to how to detect psychic visitaions, but first let me say something about the reality of such visitations. They can be blindingly real to people who have been abducted
This is especially relevant because modern western people have become strangers to their unconscious as compared to preliterate man, who seemed to have slipped between the conscious and unconscious realm quite easily.
2. Why now, at this point in time?
3. To what purpose?
I have no definitive answer to these questions, but have a few suggestions.
He is very intelligent, is a world traveler, and capable of expressing himself lucidly, but he tells me the physical world is the only world he has ever experienced. He has never had an intuition, or vision or heard voices and never dreams, but we know that to be scientifically impossible.
The truth is that he never recalls his dreams, i.e., his conscious mind must block out the memories of his dreams.
He opened the door and the chapel was ablaze with candles. He raced back to his companions and dragged them to see what he had seen. But the chapel wasn’t there, only the apartment house.
He looked at me for some kind of explanation as to what had happened and I told him he had a vision. But it wasn’t a vision, he said, it was real. I told him visions were real, but they were a psychic reality constructed by his unconscious that for all intents and purposes can seem as real as his shoes.
Now here’s the real point. When I brought this up several years later he had no recollection of ever telling me this or it ever happening. His conscious armor had repaired itself by forgetting an experience that threatened to topple his entire world view if he had fully admitted it into his conscious mind.
Here are the previous Ages/cycles, which are linked to the earth's 26,000 year precession. I've taken it from a a very detailed site THE GRAND AGES AND THE COMING OF AQUARIUS. The exact dates for Aquarius are hotly debated. Depending on who does the interpretation, the meaning of some of the Ages may differ.
As far as this interpretation goes, my own knowledge of preliterate cultures tells me that it is more likely that the Age of Taurus should be Communication and Writing while the Age of Gemini should be Control of Earth, Agriculture, as the first vestiges of Agriculture appeared around 6500 B.C. and the first Writing appeared around 3200 B.C..
What is important though, is that for the last four cycles, immense changes have taken place. If we believe in these cycles, or at least admit that they are somehow an indicator of great change in our understanding of the world and man, we have to suspect that we are in the midst of such a great change.
I haven't spoken about UFOs, that phenomena being, as I indicated earlier, most likely an entirely different matter despite the popular association of Alien abductions and UFOs.
|Secret military craft|
Some are forms of raw, natural electrical energy (you'd be surprised about how little knowledge science has of these electrical forms, including lightning), and some but not all of the the pure lights (below, L) are psychic phenomena similar to the Alien Phenomena in that they are announcements /effects of a new consciousness. You sort them out anyway you want to.
|Pure light UFOs, 1952|
There is one aspect of UFOs, however, that I still don't know what to think about, and that is the unbelievable speed and direction-changing ability of many UFOs, which indicates that something other than humans are piloting them as the G-forces would kill humans. Since these UFOs respond to radar and the approach of fighter pilots and the like, they are most likely not raw electrical energy, but something more sophisticated.
In addition, these UFOs are reported by serious observers (military, police, pilots) as being not only intensely illuminated but also having a distinct form and color range.
Here is my incomplete thinking about these craft: they are either interstellar, which I see as possible but not very likely, or they are secret, very advanced, remote-controlled military craft that use propulsion and masking/guidance systems far in advance of what is currently publicly known.
I am not arguing that life could not exist on such planets, as it is not only possible, but probable. What logic shows us, however, is the probability that a time window would exist here and also in some advanced civilization hundreds or thousands of light years away that would allow us to communicate back and forth (at close to light speed) is close to zero. Click here for a very good, detailed site on how this extremely remote possibility is computed.
Let me state the problem as simply as I can: imagine earth is a huge merry go round and its different colored horses are stages of all the civilizations that have existed, exist now, and will probably exist in the future, and imagine that the characteristics of the horses ( their lengths and color) approximate the time in hundreds of years that each civilization has existed, or will ( we think) exist in the future. Right now the Egyptian civilization from 3200 B.C. to 30 B.C. is the longest continuous civilization of which I am aware.
Modern civilizations are of shorter duration. The Roman empire only lasted 500 years. Our own technologically advanced western civilization began around 1600 (the time of Issac Newton, Leibniz, Galileo, et al) and is still growing strong as it passes its 400 year mark (2015 A.D.). Let's think of that technologically advanced civilization is represented by a red horse.
How much longer that civilization will exist before it self-destructs is open to question, as we have developed weapons capable of destroying all life on earth. We could be generous and say that it will last 3000 years (as long as ancient Egypt) before it goes up in smoke from warfare. (Or collision with a giant meteorite, who can say?) So our red horse would be 3000 years long.
Now let's posit that the same situation exists on our supposed Advanced Interstellar culture on its red horse which is also 3000 years long on its merry go round is attempting to contact our red horse (our technologically advanced civilization) just as our red horse is now attempting to do the same thing with our suggested interstellar advanced civilization using SETI.
In effect, the two can only communicate succesfully if the two red horses momentarily co-exist so that a rider on our red horse can reach out and touch a rider on the other distant red horse before they both slip out of reach of one another.
By touch I mean that there is enough time for the rider of our red horse to speak to the distant rider and then enough time for the distant rider to answer back to us. That is the absolute bare minimum
Remember, there is no way of telling when that "window of opportunity" will appear, nor is there is any way of of telling when, if ever, it will appear again. It is a matter of luck.
But that "window of oppratunity" that gives us the ability to speak back and forth is almost impossible to imagine if the two red horse civilizations on our two merry go rounds are thousands of light years apart.
What has to happen is that the red horse on the interstellar merry go round has to exist long enough to send out a signal and hope that a thousand light years later someone like our own red horse civilization will appear and last long enough to send a signal back to this advanced interstellar civilization hoping that the interstellar civilization will in turn last long enough (at least another thousand years) to receive it.
There is another more sophisticated explanation of the difficulties of interstellar communications in the link I just gave you and it is worth reading.
When it comes to actually visiting each other, take our imagined ability to travel at a speed of 200,000 kilometers per second ( 2/3 the speed of light). To travel to a distant planet that is 1000 light years away at 200,000 kps would take 1492 years. Isn't 1492 an interesting number to pop up? Like Columbus, our interstellar visitors, might be extremely disappointed in what they see upon landing.
Don't forget, our SETI communication from us to them would have been 1000 years old by the time they got it, and the planet earth when they landed here would be an additional 1492 years older, so the earth they would be seeing from their flying saucer would be 2492 older, i.e., if our signal had been sent in 2015 they would be looking down at earth as it would be in 4507 A.D.
As to what their own interstellar civililzation would look like when they take their 1492 year trip back to it, God only knows. it might not be even there.
All this this makes me believe that a physical interstellar craft being launched to investigate us is possible, but not highly probable.
Let me also say this if they are indeed interstellar: no communication of any kind has ever been issued from the craft themselves that we know of, nor have we ever come close to capturing one, or shooting one down, to prove what they are and how they were piloted. That leaves us with the very high probability that these are advanced craft of earth origin either made of light or with advanced masking capabilities.
One last observation. I have never seen a photo of a UFO showing it as a physical craft (not a craft reportedly made of light) that I believe was anything more than a photographic trick using models. Most special effects gurus agree with me on this by the way. Unfortunately, those UFOs usually look like the warming cover-dishes used in hotels to keep food hot. If those are the best designs that Alien beings from outer space could put together, we have nothing to fear.
I know of no preliterate myth or carving indicating an alien-like God appearing either out of the "mist" or from a vehicle of some type to create the world and human beings.
|Sumerian mythic figures|
Our current scientific theories are not much better, but there is some hard evidence backing them. Unfortunately they are all based on the assumption that the very earliest humans were primates who developed an upright stance and large brain size and that alone was sufficient reason for becoming human.
Those are physical characteristics, however, that also belonged to the primates we evolved from, i.e., primates who had existed for hundreds of thousands of years with the same upright stance and large brain size and would continue to exist for hundreds of thousands of years after the first "human" primates evolved from them. That is to say, for a very long time, both before and after the advent of a human primate, the two would have been physically identical.
That is because they cannot reach back into memory and create stories. They can only express current emotions or actions. Only humans can create stories. I suggest you take a look at the Appendix of ALICE HICKEY: Between Worlds (Excerpts 12-25) on this, as it is the human's ability and desire to create stories that really separates us from all other animals.
I thus see it as highly improbable that such an alien/human creation theory will ever gather enough hard evidence to outweigh the current scientific theory on the natural evolution of the human species. For one thing, the Alien theorists have never defined what being human means, i.e., have never defined the exact nature of the genetic change. What kind of thinking is that?
I'll tell you what kind it is: sloppy thinking.
That is about all I want to say about the possibility that Aliens created the human race. I'm ready for any hard balls you have that are as good as mine.
Here is another widely held Alien theorist position:
Every bit of rigorous scientific evidence suggests that the people of Stonehenge had the same intelligence and mental capabilities as the Parthenon Greeks. Therefore, if the Greeks could figure out how to build the Parthenon, the early Britons could figure out how to build Stonehenge. Period. End of Argument.
Here is the basic Alien theorist thinking: Aliens are superior beings from some unknown part of the universe who came to earth in prehistoric times.
They transported themselves via UFOs and assisted humans in the creation of their early cultures and the construction of the large stone monuments symbolizing those cultures. Furthermore, they have continued to visit us in order to evaluate our progress and guide us.
My own take on that is that while its accomplishments are indeed extraordinary, it is clear that our current scientific knowledge of the structure of matter is incomplete.
I doubt any scientist would contest that statement. In other words, despite the scientific method being strong enough to have allowed us to create atomic fission, fusion and weapons, it has not yet given us a complete rational explanation of the nature of matter. Scientists assure us they will eventually give us one, but I have my doubts. It will surely be more complete, but not totally complete.
I quote two lines from poet Richard Wilbur that pretty much sums up my thinking on this:
"Kick at the rock, Sam Johnson, break your bones:
But cloudy, cloudy is the stuff of stones."
But we also have to take a very hard look at one of the basic axioms of the scientific approach: that there is only one world, the physical world. In short, anything that cannot be physically observed and tested is an hallucination of some sort, a short circuit of the brain.
My own experience however, and that of Eastern civilizations, tells me that non-physical events do exist and are valid subjects for human inquiry.
To sum it all up, if you reduce our study of the world to what can be physically examined by the cientific method, you are eliminating a critical part of the human experience. It is a stupid prejudice.
The second assumption (that early humans didn’t possess the skills necessary to design, engineer and build their monumental stone sculptures) has no basis in fact. There is no hard scientific evidence thatthey didn't posses the necessary skills. It is merely hearsay by Alien theorists who almost to a man seem to have no scientific or anthropological knowledge of the native intelligence of preliterate humans. Nor do they seem to have have any practical heavy-stone construction and engineering knowledge worth mentioning.
What writing changed for the Greeks was not native intelligence, but how they looked at themselves and the world, i.e., the Greeks experienced a true, very rapid evolutionary change in the nature of their consciousness, not their intelligence. I'll say more about this later.
Literacy generally began around 1200 B.C. for most cultures (give or take several hundred years) with much earlier dates of 3200 B.C for the Egyptians and Sumerians.
For one thing, this means is that there are written records of the actual construction of the Greek Parthenon that simply make it impossible for alternative thinkers to attribute extraterrestrial assistance in the construction of the Parthenon.
Why alternative thinkers keep attributing extraterrestrial assistance to the construction of the pyramids when written and hieroglyphic records exist concerning their construction is simply beyond me. It is a bit sketchy in the case of the Giza Pyramids, much of it simply being lost, but there is a consistent stream of information about the other pyramids and structures.
Out of that, of course, eventually came a sense of art and architecture that could be passed down in great detail to future generations and in turn modified generation after generation, so that by 430 B.C, an extremely detailed tradition would exist, such as we see evidenced in the design of the Parthenon that was far more sophisticated than the rough stone structures of preliterate Greece, one of which is shown below, and which is not much different from Stonehenge.
|A structure from preliterate Mycenaean Greece c. 1300 B.C.|
The native intelligence of the Greeks didn’t increase or change between Mycenean Greece and the Greece of the Parthenon. What changed was the way the Greeks looked at the world because of literacy, i.e., they began to examine the world logically and record everything around them. This logical, examining way of knowing the Greeks termed logos knowing. Needless to say, the knowledge that came with literacy grew slowly at first then like a chain reaction until it was encyclopedic by 430 B.C. (500 years after the advent of Greek literacy.)
(As an aside, let me say that it is the height of idiocy to theorize that the ancient artistic/ spiritual Britons arranged stones and the like to guide advanced UFO craft in navigating around the globe. After all, if the craft could come across thousands of light years to visit us, I think they could find their way around the planet once they got here, don't you?)
Yet we shouldn’t let this supposed preliterate disinterest in explaining things convince us for one moment that these preliterate humans weren’t as natively intelligent as we are. Rather, their intelligence was intensely focused on spiritual matters and the artistic imitations of those concepts.
I have a great deal to say about this in my site on the preliterate construction of the Sphinx.
Although some gold and silver jewelry has survived from the Stone ages, all the other art forms (wood drawings and carvings, fabric drawings, etc) have perished, and these were undoubtedly the dominant materials used for art.
The only art form, outside of jewelry, that has survived en masse over the millennia are stone structures and rock carvings. They are everywhere, but their function remains uncertain in many cases. See megaliths
It should be obvious to anyone by this time that outside of the stone burial structures built by many of these cultures, stones—as stones—were also used in a spiritual, even a healing way, by prehistoric cultures. Their timelessness was Godlike, so it is no wonder they were seen as having healing powers.
There is increasing archeological evidence that the smaller, more numerous blue stones inside the larger sarsens at Stonehenge were used as part of a healing process. Why we don’t know, but it seems now that they were.
There isn't any doubt in anybody's mind today that high aesthetic capability is a certain indicator of high native intelligence. Fortunately, despite the ravages of time, certain non-stone art forms have been miraculously preserved (such as the cave drawings in Altamira and other European caves which date to some 18,000 to 35,000 years ago—Stone Age Europe.)
If you don’t think this statue is as sophisticated and mysterious as anything made by Brancusi or Picasso, you should wake up, or at the very least, read the squabbling interpretations of anthropologists and archeologists to show you how mysterious this figure really is because they don’t have a clue.
It’s only when you look at the statue as a metaphor for the Mother Goddess aka The First Mother (which is how the prehistoric humans would have looked at it) that the statue explains itself.
I rest my case.
There remain one other issue, however, that has to be addressed in regard to the arguments of the Alien theorists.
Of the numerous of cave drawings, clay sculptures, and rock carvings that have come down to us, there are a handful that portray a kneeling/standing human receiving something or looking up at, or praying to, a larger standing figure (Alien/God?).
There are also a few portraying a figure (Alien/God?) in some kind of vehicle, or fire, or clouds, descending from, or ascending to, the sky.
Again, we can choose to see them as physical visitations by Aliens or in the manner they have been interpreted for millennia: as spiritual/psychic visions of the Gods, or in Jungian terms: psychic visions created by the collective unconscious .
After all, these were cultures whose inhabitants were constantly experiencing voices and visions. The correct way to look at these great stories (Genesis, Gilgamesh, Iliad) is to see them as waking dreams that reflected the truths and beliefs that held these cultures together.
This is because the function of art in the preliterate world was not to become famous like Andy Warhol, but to imitate divinely inspired visions so as to reflect the divine order of World of the Gods.
Aligning the intent of this world with that of the Gods was what preliterate cultures and their art was all about. Period.
This is something our rational mindset has a hard time handling. I can assure you, however, that preliterate peoples didn’t, as their consciousness was one that was highly psychic and artistic by nature. Again, Julian Jaynes is must reading on this crucial difference if you truly want to understand these very different early cultures.
It might also help if you take a look at my ALICE HICKEY: Between Worlds and SOULSPEAK: The Outward Journey of the Soul.
For an excellent analysis and deconstruction of the Ancient Alien Theory, but from a much different perspective than mine, I suggest you visit Chris White's site Ancient Aliens Debunked.
Between his perspective and mine, the Ancient Alien Theory is given a thorough going ovet. You can then make up your own mind if it is worth considering as a serious theory.